Born on 15 June, 1946 in Alexandria, Egypt, Artemios Ventouris-Roussos was brought up a committed Christian in the heart of a Muslim community by his Greek-Egyptian parents. Always known as Demis, he studied music theory from a young age, learned to play guitar and trumpet, and became a featured singer in the choir of the local Greek Byzantine Church. He began his career in popular music after his family moved to Athens, Greece, where in 1967 he formed the progressive rock group Aphrodite’s Child in which he sang and played bass together with keyboard player Vangelis Papathanassiou and drummer Loukas Sideras.
Having relocated to Paris, France, Aphrodite’s Child released their first single in 1968, a rocked-up arrangement of Pachelbel’s ‘Canon In D Major’ entitled ‘Rain And Tears’. The song became a million-selling hit across Europe and reached No.29 in the UK, providing a springboard for the band’s first album End Of The World (1968) and the follow-up, recorded in London, It’s Five O’Clock (1969). The band’s third album 666, “a musical adaptation of the Book Of Revelation” was a double-disc, prog-rock epic incorporating everything from free-form jazz and musique concrète to Middle Eastern and Raga influences. It was released in 1972, way ahead of its time musically, but two years after the band itself had actually split up.
While Vangelis went on to pursue a career as a composer of film soundtracks, including his Academy Award-winning score for Chariots Of Fire (1981), Roussos struck out in a very different direction with the release in 1971 of his first single, ‘We Shall Dance’, a summer hit in countries across mainland Europe. The track was lifted from Roussos’s debut album, Fire And Ice (also known as On The Greek Side Of My Mind), released in 1971. This underrated collection provided a link between the ground breaking approach of Aphrodite’s Child and the mainstream pop style which turned Roussos into a world famous solo star. Looking back on his early work, Roussos declared Fire And Ice to be the album he felt closest to. “The first one is the pure one,” he said. “I felt like a horse coming out to fight, to prove.”
Be that as it may, it was his second album which proved what Roussos was truly capable of. Forever And Ever (1973) topped the charts in Germany, Norway and the Netherlands and reached No.2 in Austria. Released as a single, the album’s title track also became a big hit in many countries, although neither the album nor the single were successful in the UK – straight away.
His first single to reach the UK chart was ‘Happy To Be On An Island In The Sun’ which peaked at No.5 in 1975. The song was written by an Englishman, David Lewis, and embraced a sentiment which Roussos believed was pivotal to winning over the UK market, where an era of cheap air travel was just beginning. “The Brits started to go to places like Spain and Greece and my music came right on time,” he said. “It was romantic Mediterranean music addressed to all the people who wanted to go on holiday.”
Even so, this one breakthrough hit in the UK up to this point was in stark contrast to the numerous hits he had already enjoyed all over Europe including ‘Goodbye, My Love, Goodbye’ (No.1 in Germany and Switzerland), ‘My Friend The Wind’ (No.1 in Belgium and the Netherlands) and ‘Someday, Somewhere’ (No.1 in Belgium), among many others. This peculiar disparity caught the attention of the UK TV producer John King who made a documentary called The Roussos Phenomenon which aired on the BBC in June 1976. An EP with the same title, featuring ‘Forever And Ever’ as the lead track, was released to coincide with the documentary, and duly reached No.1 the following month – the first time an EP had topped the UK singles chart. A follow-up single, ‘When Forever Has Gone’, reached UK No.2 a few months later by which time “The Phenomenon” had well and truly made his mark.
A big man in a billowing kaftan and glittering moccasins, Roussos radiated a stage presence that was little short of messianic. Striding through ankle-deep rivers of smoke, arms outstretched, his features framed by a tangle of jet-black hair and beard, he sang in a yearning voice “as light and high as a string section”, according to the NME.
He wrote very few of the songs that he sang. His skill was in the interpretation of the romantic words and melodies put before him. “I have a very different personality from a crooner,” he said. “I’m not Tom Jones or Engelbert Humperdinck or Frank Sinatra. I am much deeper.” His continental mystique and an unlikely but undoubtable sex appeal were leavened by a wry sense of humour. “All the time people want to know ‘Who is this man?’,” he explained. “’What’s this man hiding underneath his kaftan – except his belly?’.”
Although best known for his hit singles, Roussos enjoyed a UK No.4 success with Happy To Be (1976), an album which highlighted his ability to combine mainstream pop appeal with musical influences from many ethnic and geographical sources: Greek, of course, but also French, Arabic, Latin, classical music and much besides.
His most celebrated UK album, and the one that most comprehensively drew together the highlights of his incredible career was the 2002 compilation Forever And Ever – The Definitive Collection. Along with all the songs that Roussos was best known for, this set also included the Aphrodite’s Child hits ‘Rain And Tears’, ‘I Want To Live’ and ‘It’s Five O’Clock’.
A larger-than-life character in all departments, Roussos went on a crash diet at the start of the 1980s, which enabled him to shed 50 kg (about one-third of his body weight) in less than a year. He documented this heroic battle of the bulge and other issues linked to depression with good humour and remarkable candour in an autobiographical book A Question Of Weight (1982), co-written with the photographer Veronique Skawinski, which became a best-seller. At the same time he updated his image and auctioned off the kaftans for charity.
In June 1985, Roussos and his third wife, Pamela Smith, were among the 145 passengers on TWA Flight 847 from Athens to Rome when it was hijacked by Hezbollah militiamen. The couple were released unharmed with several other Greek passengers after five days. Other hostages were not so fortunate. Some remained on the plane for 17 days and a 23-year-old American was murdered, his body dumped on the tarmac.
Roussos, who since childhood had been a devout worshipper in the Greek Byzantine Church, took his safe delivery from such mortal danger as a signal that he should continue to promote peace and tolerance through his music. He toured until the release of his final album, Demis, in 2009. He died on 25 January, 2015 at the age of 68.