It took Robert Cray a long time to make his first record and longer still to breakthrough. It was with his fifth album, Strong Persuader which took Robert from playing small club gigs in London to be the opening act for Eric Clapton and ultimately a Grammy award-winning headliner. Cray came up the hard way like all great bluesmen he plied his trade, playing hundreds of dates each year to learn his craft.
Born in Columbus, Georgia, Robert loved blues and soul music from an early age, but his first band was rock-oriented, playing material ranging from Quicksilver Messenger Service to Blodwyn Pig. Just like the artists he covered, who had their own grounding in the blues, he was gravitating more and more towards the music that gave birth to rock. Robert recorded his debut in 1980 and signed to Hightone Records in 1983, releasing the wonderful Bad Influence, which began to get him some well-deserved recognition.
In 1986 he signed to Mercury and his major-label debut was the immaculate, Strong Persuader, which is one of the jewels in the crown of modern blues. He followed it with Midnight Stroll, I Was Warned and Shame + A Sin by 1993. His live work has included appearing at Eric Clapton’s Crossroads Festival as well as being the support band on Clapton’s 2006/7 world tour; his Authorized Bootleg: Austin, Texas 5/25/87 gives an idea of Cray’s early live shows. All of this culminated in the Blues Foundation inducting Cray in their Blues Hall of Fame in 2011 – a richly deserved accolade for a man who has always loved the blues.
Tin-eared critics have frequently damned him as a yuppie blues wannabe, whose slickly soulful offerings bear scant resemblance to the real down-home item. In reality, Robert Cray is one of a precious few young blues-based artists with the talent and vision to successfully usher the idiom into the 21st century, without resorting either to slavish imitation or simply playing rock while passing it off as blues. Just as importantly, his immensely popular records helped immeasurably to jump-start the contemporary blues boom, which still holds sway to this day.
Blessed with a soulful voice that sometimes recalls ’60s-great O.V. Wright and a concise lead guitar approach that never wastes notes, Cray’s rise to international fame was indeed a heartwarming one. For a guy whose 1980 debut album for Tomato, Who’s Been Talkin’, proved an instantaneous cutout, his ascendancy was amazingly swift — in 1986 his breakthrough Strong Persuader album for Mercury (containing “Smoking Gun”) won him a Grammy and shot his asking price for a night’s work skyward.
Robert Cray was born on August 1, 1953, in Columbus, Georgia. An Army brat who grew up all over the country before his folks settled in Tacoma, Washington, in 1968, Cray listened intently to soul and rock before becoming immersed in the blues (in particular, the icy Telecaster of Albert Collins, who played at Cray’s high-school graduation). Cray formed his first band with longtime bassist Richard Cousins in 1974. They soon hooked up with Collins as his backup unit before breaking out on their own. The cinematic set caught a brief glimpse of Cray (even if they weren’t aware of it) when he anonymously played the bassist of the frat party band Otis Day & the Knights in National Lampoon’s Animal House. Cray’s Tomato set, also featuring the harp of Curtis Salgado, was an excellent beginning, but it was the guitarist’s 1983 set for HighTone, Bad Influence, that really showed just how full of talent Cray was.
Another High Tone set, False Accusations, preceded the emergence of the Grammy-winning 1985 guitar summit meeting album Showdown! for Alligator, which found the relative newcomer more than holding his own alongside Collins and Texan Johnny Copeland. Strong Persuader made it two Grammys in two years and made Cray a familiar face even on video-driven MTV.
Unlike too many of his peers, Cray continued to experiment within his two presiding genres, blues and soul, on sets for Mercury such as Midnight Stroll in 1990, I Was Warned in 1992, and Shame + A Sin in 1993. After switching to Rykodisc in the late ’90s, Cray released Take Your Shoes Off in 1999 and Shoulda Been Home in 2001, proving that the “bluenatics” (as he amusedly labels his purist detractors) have nothing to fear and plenty to anticipate from this innovative, laudably accessible guitarist.
Touring regularly with the likes of Eric Clapton and Bob Dylan, Cray stayed active in the studio as well, signing with Sanctuary Records and releasing Time Will Tell in 2003, Twenty in 2005, a pair of live albums, Live from Across the Pond in 2006 and Live at the BBC in 2008, and This Time, which was issued by Vanguard Records a year later. Cray released his third live album in four years, Cookin’ in Mobile, in 2010. The material that comprised the album was taken from a single performance at the Saenger Theatre in Mobile, Alabama in February of that year. The Kevin Shirley-produced Nothin But Love, a solid outing featuring narrative songs that circle around the trials and tribulations of love, appeared in 2012.