Tom Petty was one of rock’s most famous and successful artists, with a critically celebrated catalogue of albums and a songbook beloved the world over.
Formed in Gainesville, Florida by a bunch of high school and college friends Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers were viewed initially as a Southern Rock group, which of course they are, but they have so many other facets – from country to power pop – that they fit into the bracket of American heartland music. Like Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band, Petty’s Heartbreakers represent integrity and unity that fuses quality with commercial acclaim. Blue-collar issues occur in their work but then so do straight-ahead love songs, ecstatic rock ensemble playing and rustic concepts. It also should be remembered that their biggest early success was in the UK where their self-titled debut album Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers and attendant single ‘American Girl’ won them both a dedicated cult following and the approbation of the more serious members of the new wave movement, Elvis Costello being the obvious example.
Along the way Petty and his boys have sold over 80 million albums and become well known in their own right as specialist players for others – they’ve backed Bob Dylan, Johnny Cash and Del Shannon – while Tom was a member of the Traveling Wilbury’s and had close working relationships with Jeff Lynne and Roger McGuinn of the Byrds. Their road to stardom has been punctuated by notorious battles over album pricing, FM radio formatting and label ownership but despite a readiness to rock the boat they have also garnered numerous prestigious awards, three Grammies amongst them, and played live shows that are always SRO and offer stupendous value for money. Their transition from a small-time bar band to an American institution is remarkable yet they tend to steer clear of stadium shows if possible and are a byword for everything that is classic and noble about rock and roll music in the 20th and 21st centuries.
Tom Petty, his songs, voice and guitar were always the focal point for the Heartbreakers but his first proper group Mudcrutch also included lead guitarist Mike Campbell and keyboards player Benmont Tench, and they would become his longest-serving allies. Having released a locally available single called ‘Depot Street’ on the Shelter label Petty and pals relocated to Los Angeles in search of their grail. Label manager and band mentor Denny Cordell produced the album Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers in his Hollywood studio with Petty, Campbell and Tench ever-present and fellow Floridians Stan Lynch (drums) and Ron Blair (bass) forging the rhythm section. Even so, Cordell used specialist musicians on some cuts so you’ll find the legendary Donald ‘Duck’ Dunn and Jim Gordon cropping up as well as kindred Shelter spirits Dwight Twilley and Phil Seymour. A brilliant beginning this recording includes tracks that would define them from the outset – ‘American Girl’, ‘Anything That’s Rock’,’ Roll’ and ‘Breakdown’. These remain FM standards. Despite great reviews, the album was a slow-burner but would eventually go Gold.
The follow-up, You’re Gonna Get It! was similarly accomplished and exuberant – ‘I Need To Know’ and ‘Listen to Her Heart’ displayed an ongoing ability to meld passion, drama and urgency at a time when much US rock was viewed as dull and stodgy.
Damn the Torpedoes (1976) saw a shift to Backstreet Records and a higher profile all around. Despite the first of his numerous run-ins with the industry Torpedoes smashed the charts (only Pink Floyd’s The Wall kept them from the top spot) and was graced with a string of excellent songs: ‘Don’t Do Me Like That’, ‘Refugee’ and ‘Here Comes My Girl’ pushing the buttons. The original is superb enough but we also have the Deluxe Edition and the Remastered version, including unreleased demos and live tracks taken from a London show in 1980 where the band were greeted as one of our own.
Hard Promises and Long After Dark saw the Heartbreakers established as one of the most vibrant acts on the planet. The former features a stunning duet with Fleetwood Mac’s Stevie Nicks on ‘Insider’, which figures as a kind of Southern gothic Everly Brothers piece and emphasises the harmony expertise the entire group were striving for. If it was Petty’s name on the tin it was also a fact that his fellow members demanded attention. Campbell’s guitar playing and Tench’s prowess on organ and piano lend a style and cohesion not heard since Little Feat were in their pomp. Other tracks like ‘The Waiting’ – a typically splendid Petty drawl – and the dynamic tempo changes of ‘A Woman in Love (It’s Not Me)’ have a personal intensity that sees Petty adding autobiography to his palette, though he’d be reticent to provide further detail.
Long After Dark maintained a profitable relationship with producer Jimmy Iovine and find TP and the Heartbreakers dabbling in synths although ‘You Got Lucky’ and ‘Change of Heart’ never lose sight of the original template. Southern Accents and Pack up the Plantation: Live! (both 1985) can be viewed as two sides of the same coin. Initially envisaged, as a double concept album Southern Accents is a conscious attempt to revisit a more soulful country idyll. Featuring contributions from various members of The Band, strings arranger Jack Nitzsche and noted R&B backing singers the Waters Sisters this album strides toward classic status from the opening ‘Rebels’ and the mega-hit ‘ ‘Don’t Come Around Here No More’.
The Plantation disc is delightful. Amongst the Heartbreakers own standards are gorgeous covers of The Byrds’ ‘So You Want to Be a Rock’n’Roll Star’, the Phil Spector era ‘Needles and Pins’) a nod towards British Merseybeat maestros The Searchers), the Isley Brothers’ ‘Shout’ and John Sebastian’s ‘Stories We Could Tell’, their favoured final song before the encores. Incidentally, we also have a triple collection of the Torpedos/Promises/Accents discs to hurtle you towards Heartbreaker high.
After the Let Me Up (I’ve Had Enough) disc Tom Petty embarks on his first solo album, Full Moon Fever although most of the Heartbreakers figure and Mike Campbell is co-producer with Jeff Lynne and the artist. By now the Petty name was so well known that he could do little wrong and the disc went 5x Platinum. A lovely, low-key affair this, stand out tracks are many but try the euphoric ‘Free Fallin’’ and ‘Runnin’ Down a Dream’ or the pleasingly acerbic ‘I Won’t Back Down’ for proof that Petty hasn’t lost his mojo and has actually upped his game again.
Suitably energised Top Petty and the Heartbreakers reconvene in earnest on the classic Into The Great Wide Open, probably the most fully realised and consistent rock album of 1991 – certainly it indicates that what Neil Young refers to as the black hole of the 1980s has disappeared. The singles ‘Learnin’ To Fly and ‘Out In The Cold’ will both hit the number one slot while the video for the title track features Johnny Depp when he is still attempting to become a teenage rock star in Los Angeles. The whole thing is an essential part of the canon.
The long-overdue Greatest Hits achieves a monumental significance in Heartbreakers history by becoming their biggest selling album to date – a 10xPlatinum monster. Quite apart from all the hits you’d expect to hear there are delightful surprises like their version of Thunderclap Newman’s ‘Something in the Air’ and new song ‘Mary Jane’s Last Dance’ (produced with Rick Rubin) that will become an FM staple in its own right.
For further listening, The Live Anthology (2009) is a 4-CD box set featuring songs taken from concerts between 1976 and 2007. This is simply glorious: a sprawling, life-affirming collection that includes everything from a version of The Grateful Dead’s ‘Friend of the Devil’ and Van Morrison’s ‘Mystic Eyes’ to a playful ‘Goldfinger’, a show-stopping R&B assault on ‘Good, Good Lovin’’ and staggering blues trips around ‘I’m A Man’ and Peter Green’s ‘Oh Well’. The feeling throughout is that Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers have earned the right to stand proud next to their heroes and have become a part of the tradition and legacy of this musi8c we hold so dear.
If all the above weren’t enough to prove that Tom Petty is a walking legend he’s even appeared in The Simpsons and several episodes of It’s Garry Shandling’s Show and The Larry Sanders Show, displaying customary cool and wit.
2010’s Mojo and 2014’s Hypnotic Eye saw an incredible rise in The Heartbreakers’ fortunes with the latter being their first-ever US chart-topper. It was also Grammy-nominated and wowed radio listeners with hits such as “American Dream Plan B”, “Red River” and “Fault Lines”. News of a 40th Anniversary Tour, including an open-air date at London’s Hyde Park (with Stevie Nicks on the same bill), sent the internet into meltdown.
The Heartbreakers are one of the last great rock’n’roll bands. Cherish them and dig in deep.
Words: Max Bell